Works Cited is a list of sources from which you have borrowed information or ideas. You need to acknowledge – or cite – all your sources.
Below are some examples of different types of works formatted according to the MLA style. Omit any elements that are not applicable.
Author. Title of source. Title of container, Other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher, Publication date, Location.
Examples about AI are being updated / reviewed regularly see how to cite generative AI in MLA for the most up to date advice.
Book - with
Author. Title of Book. Publisher, year of publication, page/s.
1. The Arabian Nights. Bloomsbury, 1994. Children's Classics.
2. Beowulf. translated by Seamus Heaney, Faber and Faber, 2000, p. 17.
3. Driscoll, Beth. The New Literary Middlebrow Tastemakers and Reading in the Twenty-First Century. Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.
4. Utell, Janine. Engagements with Narrative. Routledge, 2016. search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=cat02831a&AN=UTas.b2048582&site=eds-live
Editor/s. Title of Book. Publisher, year of publication, page/s.
Hill, John and Pamela Church Gibson, editors. The Oxford Guide to Film Studies. Oxford UP, 1998.
|Essay in an anthology (& book part of a series)||
Author. "Title of Chapter." Title of Book, edited by editor's name/s, publisher, year, page/s.
Waldorf, Sara. "A Turning Point in His Career: The Effect of the Hobbit on Middle-Earth." The Hobbit, edited by Stephen W. Potts, Salem / Grey House, 2016, pp. 145-159. Critical Insights.
|Article in a print journal||
Author. "Title of Article." Title of Journal, volume, issue, year, page/s.
Royle, Jo et al. "The Use of Branding by Trade Publishers: An Investigation into Marketing the Book as a Brand Name Product." Publishing Research Quarterly, vol. 15, no. 4, 1999, pp. 3-13.
|Article in an online journal (& title within title; DOI)||
Author. "Title of Article." Title of Journal, volume, issue, year, page/s, DOI/URL
Light, Alison. "'Returning to Manderley': Romance Fiction, Female Sexuality and Class." Feminist Review, no. 16, Summer 1984, pp. 7-25, doi:10.2307/1394954.
|Article / Web page on a Website||
Author/editor /compiler. "Title of Article." Title of Site, version number, publisher, date of creation.
Committee on Scholarly Editions. "Guidelines for Editors of Scholarly Editions." Modern Language Association, MLA, 29 Jun. 2011, www.mla.org/Resources/Research/SurveysReports-and-Other-Documents/Publishing-andScholarship/Reports-from-the-MLA-Committeeon-Scholarly-Editions/Guidelines-for-Editors-ofScholarly-Editions.
Author/editor /compiler. Name of Site. Version number, publisher, date of creation.
Poetry Foundation. Poetry. www.poetryfoundation.org/poetrymagazine
Author/poster. “Title of Image or Video.” Name of Service, date of posting, URL.
"Noam Chomsky - On Being Truly Educated." YouTube, produced by The Brainwaves Video Anthology, 26 May 2015, www.youtube.com/watch?v=eYHQcXVp4F4.
Narrator/host. “Title of episode.” Name of podcast, season, episode number, publisher, date, URL.
"Episode 42: Katharine Murphy (live)." Penmanship, hosted by Andrew McMillen, 18 October 2017, penmanshippodcast.com/episode-42-katharine-murphy-live/.
Twitter name/handle. “Quote of the text of the Tweet.” Name of Site, date of tweet, time of tweet, URL.
@realDonaldTrump. “America is blessed with extraordinary energy abundance, including more than 250 years worth of beautiful clean coal. We have ended the war on coal, and will continue to work to promote American energy dominance!” Twitter, 18 May 2018, 3:57 p.m., twitter.com/realDonaldTrump?lang=en.
|TV show (online, streaming)||
"Title of Episode." Title of Series, writer's name, director's name, season, episode number, distributor's name, year of release, URL.
“Baggage.” The Handmaid’s Tale, written by Margaret Atwood, directed by Kari Skogland, season 2, episode 3, SBS On Demand, 2018, www.sbs.com.au/ondemand/video/1223640643586/the-handmaids-tale-baggage.
Title of Film. Director's name, performers' name/s, film studio or distributor, release year.
Black Panther. Directed by Ryan Coogler, performance by Chadwick Boseman et al., Marvel Studios / Walt Disney Pictures, 2018.
NB Can start with the name of the director or performer if that is your emphasis.