Skip to Main Content

Referencing guide: Works Cited

Works Cited

Works Cited is a list of sources from which you have borrowed information or ideas. You need to acknowledge – or cite – all your sources.

Arrange the works in alphabetical order by the first element, usually the author’s surname. The elements comprising each entry, including the formatting and punctuation, are as described below and, in more detail, in the following pages. Omit any element which is not relevant.

The alphabetical arrangement is letter-by-letter, i.e. Mac comes before Mc. Ignore any initial articles (A, An, The), diacritical marks (e.g. é is treated the same as e) or special characters (e.g. treat @smith as smith).

Format the second and subsequent lines of each entry with a hanging indent. If that is not possible, add an extra space between each entry.


Author. "Title of source." Title of container, Other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher, Publication date, Location.


 Works Cited

The Arabian Nights. Bloomsbury, 1994. Children's Classics.

Beowulf. translated by Seamus Heaney, Faber and Faber, 2000, p. 17.

Hill, John, and Pamela Church Gibson, editors. The Oxford Guide to Film Studies. Oxford UP, 1998, pp. 35-36.

Royle, Jo, et al. "The Use of Branding by Trade Publishers: An Investigation into Marketing the Book as a Brand Name Product." Publishing Research Quarterly, vol. 15, no. 4, 1999, pp. 3-13, doi:10.1007/s12109-999-0031-1.

Utell, Janine. Engagements with Narrative. Routledge, 2016. Routledge Engagements with Literature.

Varnham, Sally. "University Constitution and Governance: Functions." Halsbury's Laws of Australia, Butterworths, 1991, updated 20 September 2013, par. [160-920]. Lexis Advance´╗┐ Pacific,

Who Wrote the Movie and What Else Did He Write? : An Index of Screen Writers and Their Film Works, 1936-1969. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, 1970, p. 78.


The following pages describe each of the elements of the Works Cited. The descriptions apply to any type of source, in any format.

Style Manual

If you cannot find an example for what you are looking for here, consult the MLA website, or the MLA Handbook (below)  

Need more help?

Ask a librarian


Visit our webpage