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Referencing guide: Works cited - Title of Container

Works Cited - Title of Container

Author. Title of sourceTitle of container, Other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher, Publication date, Location.


When the cited work is part of a larger work, e.g. an essay in a collection of essays, an article in a journal, an episode of a TV series, the larger work can be considered a container that holds the cited work. The title of the container is vital to the identification of the source.

Place the title of the container in italics, followed by a comma. The information that follows describes the cited work within the container (e.g. other contributors, volume, number, pages, etc).

Single container

For example, a journal article by Jo Royle was published in an online journal Publishing Research Quarterly:

Royle, Jo et al. "The Use of Branding by Trade Publishers: An Investigation into Marketing the Book as a Brand Name Product." Publishing Research Quarterly, vol. 15, no. 4, 1999, pp. 3-13, doi:10.1007/s12109-999-0031-1.


Containers within containers

You may have more than a single container for a source, e.g. an article published in a journal (container 1) that is available in a database of journals such as JSTOR (container 2); a single episode that is part of a TV series (container 1), which is available through a service such as Foxtel (container 2).

In the example below, an essay by Sarah Waldorf was published in a book of essays edited by Stephen W. Potts (container 1).  which is available in a database EBSCOhost (container 2). The book is part of a series called Critical Insights (useful additional information but not crucial to the identification of the source - an optional element):

Waldorf, Sara. "A Turning Point in His Career: The Effect of the Hobbit on Middle-Earth." The Hobbit, edited by Stephen W. Potts, Salem; Grey House, 2016, pp. 145-159. Critical Insights EBSCOhost,


Style Manual

If you cannot find an example for what you are looking for here, consult the MLA website, or the MLA Handbook (below)  

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