There are various types of literature reviews, including
This article describes fourteen different review types and associated methodologies (scroll down to Table 1 on p94/95):
When starting a literature review, a "review article" may provide a handy shortcut. Usually, review articles identify literature in a field or on a topic up to a certain date, offering analysis of the value and contribution of each article to that field of research and specifying key articles. Many databases enable you to limit your search results to reviews.