Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

eBooks at UTAS Library: Referencing for eBooks

eBooks:Harvard style referencing

 Note: The reference for an eBook has all the elements of a printed book. In addition, add the date viewed and the URL or web address.


In Text:       (Fernandez 2007)

Reference:    Fernandez, 0 2007, Rails way, Addison-Wesley, Upper Saddle River, NJ, viewed 25 February 2009,<> 


eBooks: MLA style of referencing

A work formatted for reading on an e-Reader like a Kindle, Nook or iPad is generally covered by rule 5.7.18 (Rule for a Digital File) in the MLA handbook.

This reference has the elements of one for a comparable printed work but ends with a designation of the medium of publication. The medium is the type of electronic file such as mobi fileEPUB file, or PDF file. If you cannot identify the file type, useDigital file.

For example:

Reference Citation:                 Rowley, Hazel. Franklin and Eleanor: An Extraordinary Marriage. New York: Farrar, 2010. EPUB file.

If the work presents electronic and print publication information, the electronic information should usually be cited.

See MLA’s website for more information.

eBooks: APA style referencing

If a DOI (Digital object identifier) is available use the DOI, otherwise state Retrieved from and use the URL of the home page of the book or report.

Electronic version of a print book

In-text:              (Furlong,Gilman, & Huebner, 2009, p. 7)

Reference:      Furlong, M., Gilman, R. & Huebner, S. (2009). Handbook of positive psychology. [Electronic edition].  Retrieved from 

In-text:              (Schiraldi, 2001)

Reference:       Schiraldi, G.R. (2001).  The post-traumatic stress disorder sourcebook:  A guide to healing, recovery, and growth

                                       [Adobe Digital Editions version]. doi:10.1036/0071393722

Electronic-only book

In-text:              (O'Keefe, E. n.d., p. 7)

Reference:       O'Keefe, E. (n.d.). Egoism & the crisis in Western values.
                                         Retrieved from

After more information?

For further examples of and links to more resources on how to reference eBooks, please visit our Referencing and Assignment Writing Guide

writing image gif