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Referencing and Assignment Writing guide: Websites




Websites and web pages - what's the difference?

Use a web page format for your source only if there is no better category for it. Do not use it if a source is simply available online, e.g. if a journal article is available from an online database, use a journal article format for your reference.

There is a difference between a website and a web page.

A website is the group of web pages which are placed in a location on the internet under a domain. For example, a company website can have various web pages such as home, about us, contact us, products, services and other. It is accessible through a web address. (TechDifferences, 2018)


If you simply mention a whole website it is not necessary to create a reference list entry. Name the website in the text of your essay and provide the URL in parentheses,


The website TechDifferences ( provides easy to understand explanations of differences between various technical terms.

Please note:

  • Some information, e.g. author, date, might not always be obvious on websites or web pages as is the case with print sources. Sometimes it may be necessary to check places such as the "About us", the "Copyright" or the "Acknowledgements" page/s.
  • Do not use any punctuation at the end of URLs as punctuation could interfere with the link.
  • If the author of the website is the same as the name of the website, omit the website name.
  • Retrieval date is normally not necessary unless the content is likely to change and the page is not archived, e.g. a Wikipedia entry. The format is: Retrieved January 31, 2020, from https://xxxxxx

Reference list:

TechDifferencers. (2018, March 12). Difference between web page and website                     web-page-and-website.html

Style manual

If you cannot find a specific example of what you are looking for, use the complete APA manual.

APA Style - Quick Reference Guide

Reference list abbreviations

(APA, 2020, pp. 306-307)




Revised edition

Rev. ed.

second edition   

2nd ed.

Editor (editors)

Ed. (Eds.)



no date


page (pages)

p. (pp.)

Volume (Volumes)

Vol. (Vols.)





Technical Report

Tech. Rep.