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Referencing and assignment writing: Citing Web Pages

Web pages

Key: [R] References  [T]  In-text


Web pages

  • Where available, use a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) to identify the web page. If not available use URL. 
  • If referring to a particular page within a large website, give the precise URL for that page rather than home or menu pages.
  • If there are no page numbers, use paragraph number (use the abbreviation "para" e.g. para.16) or cite the chapter or heading and the number of the paragraph.
  • Use (n.d.) in the date position for sources with no apparent date.

T:     (Benton Foundation, 1998)
R:     Benton Foundation. (1998, July 7). Barriers to closing the gap. In Losing ground bit by
              bit: Low-income communities in the information age
(chap. 2). Retrieved from


For a webpage that has no author, begin the reference with the document title

T:     ("Expenditures for Health Care Plans," 1998)
R:     Expenditures for health care plans for employers and employees. (1998, December 7).
               Washington, DC: Bureau of Labor Statistics. Retrieved from


 *Rules for reference examples sourced from American Psychological Association Publication Manual (2010, pp 176;198;200)

APA tutorials

Reference list abbreviations

(APA, 2010, p.180)




Revised edition

Rev. ed.

second edition   

2nd ed.

Editor (editors)

Ed. (Eds.)



no date


page (pages)

p. (pp.)

Volume (Volumes)

Vol. (Vols.)





Technical Report

Tech. Rep.