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Referencing and Assignment Writing guide: Citing Journal Articles

Journal Article

Key: [R] References  [T]  In-text


T:     (Deutsch, Lussier & Servis, 1993)
R:     Deutsch, F. M., Lussier, J. B., & Servis, L. J. (1993). Husbands at home: Predictors of
              paternal participation in childcare and housework. Journal of Personality and Social Pyschology, 65, 1154-1166.

Note: Only include the journal or magazine issue number if each issue has separate pagination, for example:
R:     Lawson, W. (2004). A mental roadblock. Psychology Today, 37(5), 24.



  • References for electronic sources end in a retrieval statement which contains sufficient information so that the source can be located.
  • "Do not include retrieval dates unless the source material may change over time (eg. a wiki). 
  • Provide the Digital Object Identifier (DOI), if one has been assigned.
  • If no DOI has been assigned provide the home page URL of the book or publisher. 
  • Do not place punctuation after a DOI or URL as it may be mistaken for part of the identifier."
                                                                                                                                                        (pg. 191-2)

T: (Preti & Miotto, 1998)

R: Preti, A., & Miotto, P. (1998). Seasonality in suicides: The influence of suicide method, gender and age on suicide distribution in Italy. Psychiatry Research, 81(2), 219-219-231. doi: 10.1016/0165-1781-00099.76.1.143

Journal articles - direct copies of original print version

T:     (VandenBos, 2001)
R:     VandenBos, G., Knapp, S., & Doe, J. (2001). Role of reference elements in the selection of resources by
               psychology undergraduates [Electronic version]. Journal of Bibliographic Research, (5), 117-123.


Journal articles - originally published as print but not direct copies
If you suspect there have been alterations to the original print version (look for format changes, additional information or changes in page numbers), include an accurate retrieval statement.

T:     (Addis & Cohane, 2005)
R:     Addis, M. E., & Cohane, G. H. (2005). Social scientific paradigms of masculinity and their implications for
            research and practice in men's mental health. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 61(6), 633-647. Retrieved


Journal articles - originally published in electronic form

T:     (Fredrickson, 2000, March 7)
R:     Fredrickson, B. L. (2000, March 7). Cultivating positive emotions to optimize health and well-being. Prevention
            & Treatment
, 3 Article 0001a. Retrieved November 20, 2000, from


*Rules for reference examples sourced from American Psychological Association Publication Manual (2010, pp. 198-200)

APA tutorials

Reference list abbreviations

(APA, 2010, p.180)




Revised edition

Rev. ed.

second edition   

2nd ed.

Editor (editors)

Ed. (Eds.)



no date


page (pages)

p. (pp.)

Volume (Volumes)

Vol. (Vols.)





Technical Report

Tech. Rep.