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Referencing and assignment writing: Citing Secondary Sources

Secondary Sources

For example, you are referring to a study by Seidenberg and McClelland that is cited in an article by Coltheart, Curtin, Atkins & Haller.  Name the original work in-text and add (as cited in...) the reference to the secondary source you have seen.  Only the secondary source should be listed in the reference list.

Whenever possible, you should always aim to access the original sources.

 

Example:

In-text citation:     Seidenberg and McClelland's study (as cited in Coltheart, Curtin, Atkins & Haller, 1993) supported...

                                                                                     OR

                            Seidenberg and McCelland said in their study "Such models are known to have a number of...." (as cited in Coltheart, 

                            Curtin, Atkins & Haller, 1993)

 

Reference:            Coltheart, M., Curtis, B., Atkins, P., & Haller, M. (1993). Models of reading aloud: Dual route and
                                         parallel-distributed-processing approaches. Psychological Review, 100(4), 589-608.

 

Information for:

  • secondary source references taken from American Psychological Association Publication Manual (2010, p. 178).

APA tutorials

Reference list abbreviations

(APA, 2010, p.180)

Abbreviation

edition

ed.

Revised edition

Rev. ed.

second edition   

2nd ed.

Editor (editors)

Ed. (Eds.)

Translator(s)

Trans.

no date

n.d.

page (pages)

p. (pp.)

Volume (Volumes)

Vol. (Vols.)

Number

No.

Part

Pt.

Technical Report

Tech. Rep.

Supplement

Suppl.